Girl by the Sea

ABOUT TRAUMA

Trauma is an emotional response to a terrible event like an accident, rape or natural disaster. Immediately after the event, shock and denial are typical. Longer term reactions include unpredictable emotions, flashbacks, strained relationships and even physical symptoms like headaches or nausea. While these feelings are normal, some people have difficulty moving on with their lives. Therapists can help these individuals find constructive ways of managing their emotions.

Common Responses and Symptoms of Trauma

Response to a traumatic event varies significantly among people, but there are some basic, common symptoms.

Emotional signs include:

sadness

anger

denial

fear

shame

These may lead to:

nightmares

insomnia

difficulty with relationships

emotional outbursts

Common physical symptoms:

nausea

dizziness

altered sleep patterns

changes in appetite

headaches

gastrointestinal problems

Psychological disorders may include:

PTSD

depression

anxiety

dissociative disorders

substance abuse problems